Samos is the 8th largest Greek island. Located in the Aegean Sea, the island lies just 1.2 kilometers from Turkey. Fournoi and Ikaria also come under the prefecture of Samos. One of the greatest philosophers and mathematicians of antiquity, Pythagoras, the astronomer Aristarchus and the philosopher Epicurus all came from Samos. According to mythology, the goddess Hera was born on the island – where a temple where the ruins of the sanctuary dedicated to her can be found today. In ancient times, Samos was the first naval power in the Aegean and an Ionian center of civilization.
Although small, Samos is famous for its wine. According to legend, Dionysus, the god of wine loved the Samians as they helped him to destroy the Amazons, who despised him. In thanks, he taught them the art of viticulture. The island is rich in natural beauty and offers visitors mountains and plains, sandy beaches with crystal clear waters, as well as a great and remarkable history with many monuments, thereby offering plenty of sightseeing options and activities. Samos has an airport and is also connected by ferry to Piraeus, the Dodecanese, Chios, Mytilini, Ikaria, Fourni, Kusadasi in Turkey, where ancient Ephesus is located and Sigacik, in Turkey, near Izmir.